Although they are not acrobatic, the Beluga Whales do tend to spyhop and lobtail quite frequently. Spyhopping is done so that they can satisfy their curiosity and peep at human onlookers out of the water. They spend most of their lives near the surface of their icy ocean homes, diving down to shallow depths about five times per minute. Thereafter, they will embark on a deeper dive, which can last a full minute, but never much longer.
The Beluga is a social whale and generally travels in pods of between five and 20 individuals.
Where to Find Them
The Beluga Whale lives in the icy waters of the Arctic, concentrating on the areas closer to land. They are commonly found on the Scandinavian, Russian, Greenlandic and North American coasts. Summers are spent in shallow bays, while winters are spent in areas with loose pack-ice so that there are many places at which to surface for air. However, they do not migrate much, if at all. During the summer, groups numbering into the thousands might be found at river mouths, making for an incredible sight for spectators.
The Beluga Whale lives mainly on small fish, but will also dine on crustaceans and squid. Its ability to enter into very shallow waters allows the Beluga Whale to pursue prey into areas in which other cetaceans cannot enter, giving it a distinct advantage in this respect.
Because the Beluga Whale stays close to the shore, it is susceptible to human disturbance and pollution, as well as a loss of natural habitat. In addition, they are the victims of whale hunters, who want their meat and blubber.